State Park of Serra do Mar

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Information › State Park of Serra do Mar

The State Park of Serra do Mar has about 315,000 hectares, will the border of Sao Paulo with Rio de Janeiro to Itariri in southern Sao Paulo state, and contains the largest continuous area of preserved Atlantic Forest of Brazil. But much of its vegetation is secondary growth forest and wildlife without large due to intense hunting and cutting of palm.

It is formed by the nuclei:

Núcleo-Itutinga Drumsticks
Núcleo Caraguatatuba
Núcleo Curucutu
Cunha-Core Indaiá
Núcleo Picinguaba
Santa Virgínia
Núcleo Pedro de Toledo

With 315,000 hectares, involving fifteen municipalities in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo and Santos, Cubatão is one of the administrative centers of the State Park of Serra do Mar.
During a rapid ecological assessment, used to characterize the biodiversity of the park, experts traveled 21 tracks in 40 field days. We recorded 373 bird species, more than half the total found in the Atlantic, 111 mammal species (nearly half the total), with 22 endangered species, especially primates. Of the 1,265 plant species recorded, three are new.

The Atlantic Forest once covered almost the entire coastal strip from north to south of Brazil. Today, what little is left is protected in parks, reserves and ecological stations, known as conservation units of indirect use.

In Sao Paulo, units like the State Park of Serra do Mar, are administered by the Department of the Environment, through the Institute of Forestry and Forest Foundation. The hunting and cutting Içara, a type of palm is extremely common in all nuclei of the Park. The inspection is almost nonexistent.

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