Porto Alegre

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About Porto Alegre

Porto Alegre is a Brazilian city and the capital of Brazil´s southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul belongs to the metropolitan area of ​​Porto Alegre meso and micro-region of Porto Alegre. With an area of ​​almost 500 km ², has a diverse geography, with hills, lowlands and a large lake, the Guaíba, lying 2027 km from Brasilia, the national capital.

The town was formed from the arrival of Azorean couples in the mid-eighteenth century. In the nineteenth century had the influx of many German and Italian immigrants, also receiving Spanish, African, Polish and Lebanese. Developed rapidly, and today houses more than 1.4 million inhabitants. The city faces many challenges, including the large population still living in poverty and under-housing, a high cost of living, serious deficiencies in sewage treatment, a lot of pollution and degradation of ecosystems unique, high crime rates and growing problems transit.

On the other hand, boasts more than 80 awards and titles that distinguish it as one of the best capitals to live, work, do business, study and have fun. Has been highlighted in recent years also by the UN as the Metropolis No. 1 in quality of life in Brazil three times, as having one of the 40 best public management models democratic by its Budget, and for the best Human Development Index (HDI) between national cities.

Data from the IBGE pointed in 2009 as the Brazilian capital with the lowest unemployment rate, the British consultancy firm Jones Lang LaSalle in 2004 to include among the 24 cities with the greatest potential to attract investment in the world and is on the list of Pricewaterhouse Coopers the hundred richest cities in the world. Porto Alegre is an influential city on the global stage, receiving the rank of global city "range -" by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network.

Moreover Porto Alegre is one of the greenest cities in the country and literate, is a regional center of attraction for migrants seeking a better life, work and study, and has an infrastructure in many respects superior to the other capitals of Brazil.

It was hosted international headlines when the first editions of the World Social Forum and was recently chosen as one of the headquarters of the World Cup 2014. It also has a qualified and diverse culture, with intense activity in virtually all areas of the arts, sports and science, often with national prominence, besides having rich folk traditions and a significant heritage buildings in centenarians and numerous museums.

What to do in Porto Alegre

Porto Alegre is filled with good things to know as we strolled by. From historic buildings that tell a little more of Porto Alegre to parks that preserve nature and enchant the landscape Brazilian gaucho.

The Quayside is one of the most stunning, holds many interesting things to see, learn and remember times when everything revolved around Brazilian ports.
From the pier you can go straight to Casa de Cultura Mario Quintana, a magical place that houses the most comprehensive cultural centers in Brazil and Latin America.

Another nice spot for a family outing is the Public Market Center, which brings together food gaucho spices, seasonings and typical products, besides gathering restaurants and eateries that give mouth water.

For those looking for peace and quiet is worth knowing the Metropolitan Cathedral of Porto Alegre, a place that holds charms on their walls, designed by Italian architect João Batista Giovenale, who became the mother of the main postcards of Porto Alegre.

Leaving for a more wooded part of Porto Alegre, we know both the Farroupilha Park reserving much knowledge of the history and gaucho, as the Park Windmills, a more colonial, ideal for a nice afternoon picnic and family.

Strolling through the center we find the square and the monument of Mother Laçador two fantastic locations that provide beautiful pictures and memories.

When to Go to Porto Alegre

City of low temperatures most of the year, Porto Alegre has a very hot summer. For those who want to know the different places that the city offers worth going during the summer to enjoy the sun and walking in the parks and streets of Porto Alegre.

More who prefer a more romantic atmosphere and fresh, worth going during the winter, the weather is chilly and you may well enjoy several restaurants with hot cheese and fine wine to warm.

The Week Farrukhabad, always held close to the Sept. 20, brings many delights and so novelty and history of Brazil. The Book Fair, between the second half of October and November 1st, attract many tourists and makes the climate more educational in Porto Alegre.

How to arrive in Porto Alegre

Plane

Salgado Filho International Airport
Avenida Severo Dulius, 90010, in Porto Alegre
Tel: (51) 3358-2000
www.infraero.com.br

AIRLINE

blue
Tel: 3003-2985 and 0800-702-1053
www.voeazul.com.br

goal
Tel: 0300-115-2121 and 0800-704-0465
www.voegol.com.br

NHT
Tel: 0300-143-4343
www.voenht.com.br

Ocean Air
Tel: 4004-4040 and 0300-789-8160
www.oceanair.com.br

TAM
Tel: 4002-5700 and 0800-570-5700
www.tam.com.br

Bus

Bus Station in Porto Alegre
Vespasian Veppo Julio Largo, s / n º, center
Tel: (51) 3210-0101
www.rodoviaria-poa.com.br

Car

Porto Alegre is located 496 km south of Florianópolis, capital of Santa Catarina. Among the cities of San Jose and Santa Catarina Palhoça, begins the stretch to be traveled on US-101, about 370 km. The highway is dangerous stretches, large truck traffic and is in the process of doubling the lanes. From Maquiné, at Rio Grande do Sul, ends the route BR-101 and the trip follows the BR-290 for about 105 km, to Porto Alegre.

Bus, with departures day and night, the journey from Florianopolis to Porto Alegre lasts about six hours.

Make a Suitcase to Porto Alegre

Porto Alegre is located in the southern region of Brazil, where most of the weather is cold, so it´s good to go prepared and bring enough warm clothes. Lightweight pants, sweater and jackets which are very useful especially at night.

The clothes fresher items are also needed because during the day the sun always heats up, allowing wonderful evening for you and your family in the parks of Porto Alegre.

Lightweight shoes for walking in the late afternoon and seeing the historical and cultural city.

Do not forget to click on every trip an emergency kit with painkillers, gauze, bandages and ointments for various possible contingencies.

The makeup bag and hygienic care also can not miss as shampoo, conditioner, moisturizer, toothpaste and deodorant.

Repellents and sunscreens are also useful on hot days and with tours planned in the park, to prevent mosquitoes and insects.

Of course, the digital camera can not get anything out of it, to be able to record all moments that the trip will offer.

History of Porto Alegre

Porto Alegre was born in a small colony of Azorean immigrants, who settled in Ponta Stone in 1752, within the Sesmaria Santana, captained by Jerome de Ornellas and Vasconcellos. From there, the town began to be called Port of couples.
  
In 1763 the Spaniards, led by Don Pedro Cevallos, governor of Buenos Aires, Rio Grande invade the South and take the city of Rio Grande. This year, the Portuguese populations of upstate migrate to the region of Port Viamão and couples.

On March 26, 1772, an ecclesiastical edict divides the Parish of Our Lady of the Conception of Viamão in two. The ancient port of couples becomes the Parish of San Francisco. Almost a year later, on January 18, 1773, a new edict renaming the small village, which is now called the Mother of God of Porto Alegre. The then governor of the province of São Pedro do Rio Grande do Sul, José Marcelino de Figueiredo, ordering the transfer of the Municipality of Porto Alegre to Viamão.

The Azorean former colony became the capital of the province. Besides administrative center, the city turns into the military. Wooden fences are built around the city. The narrow colonial streets of Porto Alegre are designed like a maze, possessing sharp defensive character. The modest capital thrives, and in 1804, the Portuguese Crown installs the first customs of the Grand River South

However, if you spend some time, until the modest urban center turns up in town in 1809, and after the city in 1822.

Porto Alegre in the early years of the nineteenth century, was one of the first urban centers to support the Portuguese forces, installed on Delta Jacuí, which paved the interior of Rio Grande do Sul Besides shopping center, administrative and military, the city also offered services shipyards. The Portuguese vessels, in addition to provide themselves with food, could also make minor repairs to the hull and sails.

Between 1822 and 1835, the city develops. The conquest of the southern areas of Brazil and Portuguese campaigns bring Porto Alegre new military contingents. It´s the time of the construction of the great Portuguese colonial mansions in the city, such as the Solar House and other administrative buildings in the same style.

In 1835, Rio Grande do Sul plunges into a war libertarian character. Veterans of the Wars of the campaigns Silver, allies in the National Guard and other malcontents are organized into a militia, which was later called, Farrukhabad. Porto Alegre was fortified, but that has not stopped on September 20, 1835, it was invaded by rebel troops.

The Imperial retook the city in 1836 and that since then, suffer three interminable sieges by the year 1838. It was resistance to these enclosures, which gave the city the title of ´Most Loyal and courageous. " Despite the swelling population of those times, the city would only return to its urban growth after 1845. The war has not stopped three years before, the first Public Market was built by organizing trade in central areas.

Were prosperous years, the first time that German and Italian immigrants landed in the capital, installing restaurants, guesthouses, small manufacturers, brick kilns, stills and various shops.

The Paraguayan War (1865/70), transforms the state capital in the city nearest theater. The city receives money from the central government, and telegraph service, new shipyards, barracks, improvements in the port area, and the construction of the first floor of the new Public Market.

The end of the campaign Paraguay makes the Empire of Brazil dive into a political crisis - management. The government slowly lost control over the slave communities, and in 1884, the municipal government of the city frees the captives. It was the preparation for the advent of the Republic in 1889.

These first republican governments - as in Rio Grande do Sul followed the positivist philosophy of Auguste Comte - left deep marks in the state capital. These men believed in a society ruled by the dictatorship of presidentialism, by men of integrity and wise. Large amounts of public buildings are built at this time, adorned with magnificent statuary symbolic positivist. The concern of this political group with improvements and enhancements of urban space will transform the former colonial aspect of the city.

There is a huge concern for the sanitation of the central areas. Are destroyed slums and poorly maintained buildings downtown. During Republican administrations (1889 to 1940), were installed in the city electricity, street lighting, sewerage, electric transportation, running water, the first colleges, hospitals, ambulance, telephony, industries, developed a series of radio master plans, some of which are implanted decades later, as the Maciel Improvement Plan of 1914, which would be made possible only in the 30s and 40s.

The city from the 40s assumes definitely his character of administrative center, commercial, industrial and financial status. The pack animals that dominated the urban landscape, are replaced by modern cars. These were years of expansion of road loops the city. Are opened in cities large avenues, such as Rags to Borges and Salgado Filho. Others are paved, as Azenha and João Pessoa.

The expansion of the urban center, then started to drive to areas south and north of the peninsula. In the ´60s and ´70s, major road works are done in the capital. Viaducts are constructed of Borges, of João Pessoa, the Ubirici, Tiradentes and Ildo Meneghetti. These works have improved the flow of vehicles in the densely populated area of ​​the capital.

Security of Porto Alegre

The state of Rio Grande do Sul has been investing more and more on security, mainly by having your capital, Porto Alegre, as a major destination for tourism in Brazil.

More clear is that we are always subject to unforeseen, so the ideal is always prevention. Always carry your belongings in backpacks and bags that are always in front because the back when loaded is subject to theft without realizing the action of criminals.

After 22 hours avoid using public conveyances or walking alone through unfamiliar streets, this increases the likelihood of burglary.

Give preference to the use of cards, either debit or credit, that in case of unforeseen events like theft and loss can be blocked and avoid major hassles.

And always remember to contact the nearest police station to you if there is any emergency.

Useful Phone Numbers of Porto Alegre

Emergency Hospital
Phone: 3289.7600 / 192 (SAMU - ambulances)

Toxicological Information
Phone: 3223 6110

Fire Department
Phone: 193

Military Brigade
Phone: 190

Civil Police
Phone: 194 / 3288.2400

Federal Highway Police
Phone: 3374.0304 / 3375 9700

Aid to the Phonebook
Phone: 102

Consumer Protection (PROCON)
Tel (51) 151 / 3286.8200

Service Attention to Tourists - SAT
Phone: 0800 51 7686 / (51) 3333 1873/3358 2047

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