For those unaware, the Pelourinho is the name given to a mast built in a town square that served to whip criminals. They were entitled to pillory also major grantees, the bishops, the fit and the monasteries, as evidence and instrument of feudal jurisdiction. Because of this Pelourinho be built in the middle of a square in Salvador, also surrounding the village got its name and is now one of the historical places of Brazil. From the year 1960, Pelourinho has suffered a major degradation process, with the modernization of the city and the transfer of economic activities to other regions of Salvador, which transformed the region´s historical center into a den of prostitution and marginality. Only since the 1980s, with recognition of the houses as patrimony of humanity by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and the year 1990 with the revitalization of the area, the Pelourinho is transformed into what is today: a center of cultural effervescence. In recent decades, Pelourinho has attracted artists from all genres: film, music, painting, making it an important cultural center of Salvador. Pelourinho is limited to the north to Pilar, San Antonio and Barbalho, south to the cathedral and Health Trade-east and west with Seven Doors. Pelourinho is made up of narrow streets, with many slopes and asphalt paving, surrounded by house of baroque architecture and imperial merged.
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