Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand, known by the acronym lies MASP Avenue Paulista since 1968 and is one of the most important cultural sites in Brazil. Designed by Italian-Brazilian architect Lina Bo Bardi, the MASP is known for its architecture. The building is high, sustained only by four pillars and has a span of more than 70 meters. The building is considered an important example of brutalist architecture in Brazil and one of the most popular icons of the capital from being overturned by the three levels of executive power. Nonprofit private institution, the museum was founded in 1947 by initiative of Paraiba Assis Chateaubriand and the Italian-Brazilian Pietro Maria Bardi. Throughout its history, was notable for a number of important initiatives in the field of museology and artistic training, as well as its strong performance in teaching. It was also one of the first museum exhibition of the continent to work with profile cultural center as well as the first museum in the country to embrace the artistic trends that emerged after World War II. The MASP has the most important and comprehensive collection of Western art from Latin America and the entire southern hemisphere, which are notable above all consistent sets relating to Italian and French schools. The museum also has also extensive section of Brazilian art and small groups of African and Asian art, decorative art, archaeological etc.., Totaling approximately eight thousand pieces. The collection is listed by the Institute for National Artistic and Historical Heritage, the IPHAN. The museum also houses one of the largest libraries specializing in art of the country.
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