Foz do Iguaçu

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The beautiful falls of Iguassu Falls

About Foz do Iguaçu

Foz do Iguaçu is a municipality in the state of Paraná and considered the seventh most populous municipality in the country with 255,900 inhabitants. The city has 617.701 km ², with only 61.200 km ² of urban area.

Known internationally for Iguazu Falls, one of the winners of the competition that chose the 7 Natural Wonders of the World, the city of Foz do Iguaçu is the second most sought tourist destination for foreigners.

Another attraction of Foz do Iguaçu is the Itaipu Hydroelectric Plant, considered the second largest in size and first in power generation, which in 1996 was considered one of the 7 Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

The seat has a mean annual temperature of 20.4 ° C, the vegetation of the city´s Atlantic Forest and Cerrado. The city has an urbanization rate of around 99%. Its Human Development Index is 0.788 and is considered average in relation to the state of Parana.

It includes an urban area with more than 700,000 inhabitants, consisting also Ciudad Del Este, Paraguay and Puerto Iguazu, Argentina, countries with which the city borders.

Iguaçu is indigenous place name, may be decomposed in the form originally in Ig (water) and Acu (large), where, by adding a vowel, the current name. Its residents are usually designated by Gentile Iguaçuenses.

Attracted by the falls of the Iguazu River, a series of 275 waterfalls water that reach 90 meters, tourists delight not only the look, but with different ways to enjoy it. Within the National Park, declared a World Heritage Site, the options are the lookouts and walkways.

On the outskirts, there are boat tours, helicopter rides, hiking and rafting, always with the falls as a backdrop. Part of the reserve belongs to Argentina and it is worth crossing the border to discover the charms of hermanos side, especially the Devil´s Throat, one of the most impressive jumps.

The neighboring country is also home to the hottest casino area, the Iguazú Casino, with roulette, slots, poker, among other games of chance.

If luck is in favor, save a few bucks to spend on shopping in Ciudad Del Este Paraguay, after the Friendship Bridge. Items such as drinks and perfumes out at reasonable prices and can be purchased in U.S. dollars or actual.

Back to Iguassu Falls, the ride is only complete with a visit to the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant, with coach tour that takes the turbines. With so much water in the vicinity, the cuisine of the region could only be based on fish. Do not return without experiencing Pirá Foz, prepared with tasty golden catfish, abundant in the Parana River.

What to do in Foz do Iguaçu

For those visiting Iguassu Falls tourist attractions and rides and what not to miss. To begin, go to the Iguazu National Park, where you have a beautiful view of the falls, especially from December to January, when the water level rises and the waterfalls are more intense.

But if you prefer something more radical, then know Macuco Safari, which conducts tours of the boats that come close to the river Iguaçu waterfalls. The adventure begins in a Jeep on trails and passes through the rainforest to reach the boats that follow toward the heel of the three musketeers.

Another delightful ride and for the brave is the helicopter ride, which flies over the entire area of the cataract. They are only 10 minutes, but the scenarios sighted aboard a helicopter over the falls are impressive. From the top, the grandeur of the falls is even more evident.

The Itaipu Hydroelectric Plant is another point that is well worth being known. The largest hydroelectric plant in operation around the world shows a dam five miles long by 167 meters.

If you are looking for a quieter ride and quiet, so be sure to visit the Bird Park, charming place that holds many surprises for you. They are 160 species from five continents worldwide, totaling about 900 animals divided into five farms. The most interesting is that at certain times are allowed to enter the nursery and see the birds up close.

Do not go back even before knowing the Mark of the three borders, a monument located where are the borders between Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. Marco, you can see the three countries, and can admire the meeting of the rivers Parana and Iguazu.

Finally, Iguassu booking many trips, adventure and knowledge to those who visit, it´s worth.

When to Go to Foz do Iguaçu

If you want to see the waterfalls of Iguazu very strong and with a maximum volume of water, then go between the spring and summer periods, where the rain is constant and increases the sea level.

Although these periods increase the level of the rivers, being very hot period of insects attack constantly, so it prevents and always walk with a repellent.

More if you want to know at all costs and Foz do not care about full seasons in the rivers, then visit the city during the time between the fall and winter when the weather gets cooler and the insects disappear from view.

As the water falls at any time of year the show is still wonderful. There is a large gap between the two periods cited above when it comes to water drop d. In the time between fall and winter drought is more constant, which decreases the volume of water causing some fallen d water disappear and only the main fall (and larger) are highlighted.

In the spring and summer, on account of rains, the river level rises and falls are more abrupt, making it an enchanting spectacle.

It pays to know the city well in a period and in the other, are different experiences over the beauty is unique.

How to arrive in Foz do Iguaçu

AirPlane

International Airport of Foz do Iguacu
BR-469 (Highway of the Waterfalls), 16.5 km, in Foz do Iguacu
Phone: (45) 3521-4200

Afonso Pena International Airport (Airport Curitiba)
Av Rocha Pombo, s / n º, Waters Fine in Pinhais
Phone: (45) 3381-1515
www.infraero.com.br

Bus

International Road Foz do Iguacu
Av Pres. Costa e Silva, s / n º, President Park
Phone: (45) 3522-2590

Rodoferroviária Curitiba
Av President Affonso Camargo, 330
Phone: (41) 3320-3000
www.aterfi.com.br

Car

Foz do Iguaçu is located in the west of Paraná, 637 km from Curitiba. From Curitiba, the drive follows the BR-227. In the first 50 km, the route is called the Road On the way to the Coffee County, which lasts between eight and nine, are cities such as Porto Amazonas, Irati, Cascavel and São Miguel do Iguaçu.
Who travels the 298 km from Florianopolis to Curitiba, BR-101. Sao Paulo, 415 km are to Curitiba, BR-116, and 637 km more to Foz, totaling 1,052 km.

Make a Suitcase to Foz do Iguaçu

As in any trip, regardless of the weather, always bring some light clothes and coats. Organize your bag properly, always putting the pants first, then the clothes and finally the clothes that are in danger of crushing. Try saving blouses and shirts for everyday wear in rolls, saves space.

Take enough clothes, preferably the most daily used, mainly because they do know the trails and waterfalls you just wetting or soiling easily.

It is worth consulting the weather forecast before you pack the suitcase. Even though the cold is in some parts of the country, believe that the forecast indicates high temperatures in Foz do Iguaçu.

Apart from clothes, some items are essential for the trip: shoes, ideal for trails and ecotourism options, backpack, if you want to bring other clothes to change after the boat trips, sunscreen and identity card, a document required to step in territories Argentina and Paraguay, well clear of repellents, fashion accessories, digital camera, among other things.

And a very interesting hint is to leave a vacant space in the suitcase, because in Foz do Iguaçu, in addition to local crafts, you also have access to the trade of Paraguay, which sells a variety of products at cost price, then plan your suitcase to bring everything you want with little volume because the airport road and the share of baggage.

History of Foz do Iguaçu

In 1542, the Spaniard Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca came to the Iguazu River and he followed Caingangues guided by Indians, reaching the Falls and baptizing Paraguay. It is registered as the discoverer of the Falls.

In 1881, Iguassu Falls received its first two residents, the Brazilian Pedro Martins da Silva and Spain´s Gonzalez. Shortly after their arrival, Iguassu gained new residents, Goycochea, who came to explore the cultivation of yerba mate.

The colony military at the border was founded eight years after the occupation by Lieutenant Antonio Batista da Costa Junior and Sergeant Jose Maria de Brito, who had the power to distribute land to settlers interested and became a milestone for the effective occupation of the place by Brazilian and of what would be the city of Foz do Iguaçu.

In 1889, he arrived in Foz do Iguaçu´s expedition Engineer and Lieutenant José Joaquim Firmino. It was raised the population and identified 324 people, most of Paraguay and Argentina. But there were also Spanish and English already present in the region, dedicated to the extraction of mate and wood exported via the Paraná River.

Captain Smith Lindolfo Bastos created the Tax Agency in 1897 and were registered only 13 houses and some straw huts. In the early years of the twentieth century the population of Foz do Iguaçu has reached approximately 2,000 people and had a village inn, four grocery stores, a rustic military barracks, table lace and telegraph station, sugar mills and rum and subsistence agriculture.

In 1910 the Military Colony was named Vila Iguassu, a district of Guarapuava. Two years later, the Minister of War freed the colony making it a civil settlement under the care of the government of Parana.

Already in 1914 by order of law, was created the municipality of Vila Iguassu, effectively installed on June 10 of that year, with the inauguration of the first mayor - Jorge Schimmelpfeng - and the first Board of Aldermen. The city was renamed themselves "Grand Canyon" in 1918.

The road that connects Foz do Iguacu to Curitiba took its first form in 1920. It was precarious and full of obstacles. In the second half of the 1950s began paving the road that would cut the Paraná from east to west, linking Paranagua to Foz do Iguacu, which opened in 1969.

In 1924 the rebels out of the Prestes Column in the capital city beginning its march by the state in a southwesterly direction. When entering the Parana, won many border towns to Paraguay and established his headquarters in Foz do Iguaçu. Remained until 1925, when he crossed the Parana River in Paraguay penetrating toward Mato Grosso.

The history of the Iguaçu National Park begins in 1916 with the passage of Foz do Iguaçu Alberto Santos Dumont, the father of aviation.

The area belonged to the Uruguayan Jesus Val, plus Santos Dumont interceded with the President of the State of Paraná, Affonso Alves de Camargo, to be expropriated and made public property. On July 28, by Decree No. 63, was declared a public utility with 1008 hectares and only in 1939, by decree of President Getulio Vargas, the area now has 156,235.77 acres.

With the inauguration of the International Friendship Bridge, which links Brazil to Paraguay in 1965 and opening of the BR-277, connecting Foz do Iguacu to Curitiba and the coast, in 1969, Foz do Iguaçu has accelerated its development, intensifying its trade, especially with the Paraguayan city of Ciudad del Este.

The construction of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Plant, which began in the 1970s, caused a strong impact throughout the region, greatly increasing the population living in Foz do Iguaçu. In 1960 the municipality had 28,080 inhabitants in 1970 to 33,970 and in 1980, 136,320 inhabitants, an increase of 385%. The 2010 Census indicated a population of 256,081 inhabitants.

Security of Foz do Iguaçu

The safety of Foz do Iguacu is well enhanced, mainly by making the border with two important countries in the resale of goods at cost price. Plus our collaboration so that complete security is essential.

First, avoid demonstrate that you are a tourist, because it makes you conducive to theft, theft and deception.

When going out to restaurants, bars, clubs and shopping, give preference to the use of credit cards, saving you walk around with money in your wallet.

Avoid carrying out valuables such as watches, necklaces, cell phones and digital camcorders, as it draws a lot of attention and makes you a target for robbery.

Another very important tip is to avoid using public transport at night, especially after 22 hours, when the movement is smaller and the risk of being mugged are greater. When you go out with their own vehicle be aware of traffic stops and busy little streets.

And always remember, anything you consider suspicious and dangerous, first contact the nearest police station and report to you what is happening.

Collaborate and assist in security and has a smooth ride and perfect.

Useful Phone Numbers of Foz do Iguaçu

Tourist information: 0800-451516 / 3522-1027 / 3521-4276
Aid to Phonebook: 102
Fire Department: (45) 3523-1618
Emergency (SIATE): 193
Pharmacy 24: (45) 3523-1929
Minister Costa Cavalcanti Hospital: (45) 3576-8000
Civil Police: (45) 3522-2331
Revenue: (45) 3520-4300
Tour of the PF on the Friendship Bridge: (45) 3528-8070
Military Police: (45) 3527-2133
International Airport of Foz do Iguaçu: (45) 3521-4200
Bus: (45) 3522-3633
taxis
Coopertaxi Falls - (45) 3524-6464
Point Taxi Good Travel - (45) 3523-0050
Point Taxi Centrão - (45) 3573-2244

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