Brasília

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About Brasília

Brasilia is the capital city of the Federative Republic of Brazil and the headquarters of the Federal District, with the general population according to the census of 2010, approximately 2,562,963 inhabitants, so the fourth most populous Brazilian city.

Inaugurated on April 21, 1960, by President Kubitschek de Oliveira, Brasília is the third capital of Brazil, after Rio de Janeiro and Salvador. The transfer of the principal organs of the federal administration to the new capital was progressive, with the change of the headquarters of the Executive, Legislative and federal courts.

The urban plan of the capital, known as "Pilot Plan" was prepared by urban planner Lucio Costa, who, taking advantage of the topography of the region, has adapted the design of Lake Paranoá, designed in 1893 by Mission Cruls. The lake stores 600 million cubic meters of water.

Historical and Cultural Heritage of Humanity since 1987, Brasilia attracts tourists from all over the world. The impression of being just a political scenario of the country is demystified by the amount of attractive and interesting programs for mystics, first-time tourists and lovers of culture.

Cradle the inspiration of artists such as Renato Russo, Cassia Eller and Zelia Duncan, the capital city has architectural attractions of innovative design. In the Ministries, the Metropolitan Cathedral, built in 1967 by Niemeyer, has works by Di Cavalcanti and a performance conducted by stained glass windows that provide natural lighting below the ground level.

According to the geographer Aldo Paviani, Brasilia consists of the entire urban area of ​​the Federal District, and not just the part registered by UNESCO or the central administrative region, because the city is poly nucleated, consists of several administrative regions, so that regions are peripheral to the central jointed, particularly in the employment issue, and can not be understood as autonomous cities.

At Memorial JK, which is buried the body of the president, there is a permanent exhibition of photos and documents on the construction of the capital, besides the private library with more than three thousand volumes.

What to do in Brasília

Faced with such capitalization, Brazil also holds many things that delight and make the place even more beautiful, starting with the architectural projects designed especially for the capital of the country

One such example is the Metropolitan Cathedral, a place with breathtaking landscapes. Designed by Oscar Niemeyer, is 40 m high with 16 arches of reinforced concrete surrounded by a reflecting pool.

As we can see much of the architectural projects of the city of Brasilia were made by Oscar Niemeyer, and one of these charms is the National Congress, where is the seat of the Legislature and has blocks in shape of the letter H with 28 floors, housing management activities.

Another place that is part of the history of the country and holds many things, including public interest, is the presidential palace, where is the official residence of the President of the Republic. Its columns are the symbol of the city, used in their arms.

The Palace of Justice also delights in having a somewhat different architecture. It stands out due to a facade slabs curves between arcs with artificial waterfalls that run between the concrete gutters.

Another building that delights for its stunning architecture, also designed by Oscar Niemeyer, is the Presidential Palace, consisting of curved and straight lines that give an air of mastery and refinement in space.

Also in the Palace of the plateau, we can enjoy and experience the Candangos Monument, also known as Two Warriors, is a sculpture of eight meters high and has become a symbol of the city.

The Kubitschek Memorial is one of the coolest places and exciting to hear. Divided into rooms, the Memorial has goals room, library staff and remains of the former president and founder of the city of Brasilia.

To whom this order to know the nature of Brasilia, you´ll enjoy the track Chapada Imperial, a professional staff that takes you to lovely places. You have the option of practicing three tracks, marked by difficulty.

Planning your trip well, you can meet lovely places and be amazed by all this, and learn more about the history of Brazil.

When to Go to Brasília

In relation to climate, the best time to visit the city of Brasilia is in winter, between April and June, because it does not rain much and the time is also not as dry.

During summer, the rain is constant, disturbing rides and preventing you from walking the city.

In August and September, the climate is very dry, which can be harmful for people with respiratory problems and also is not pleasant for those who want to enjoy the sights of Brasilia.Desfazer edições

How to arrive in Brasília

Plane International Airport President Kubitschek
Special area of Lago Sul, Brasilia International Airport, s / n
Tel: (61) 3364-9000
www.infraero.gov.br

AIRLINE

Gol
Tel: 0300-115-2121
www.voegol.com.br

Ocean Air
Tel: 0300-789-8160 and 4004-4040
www.oceanair.com.br

TAM
Tel: 0800-57-5700 and 4002-5700
www.tam.com.br

Webjet
Tel: 0300-21-01234
www.webjet.com.br

Bus

Road Pilot Plan Road Pilot Plan, s / n
Tel: (61) 3327-4631

Car

Starting from Goiânia, capital of Goias, the trip to Brasilia is 209 km. The first stretch to Annapolis, about 60 km, is covered in the BR-153, called Transbrasiliana, and the rest in the BR-060, the Belem-Brasilia highway until Taguatinga, satellite city.

From Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, is 740 km to the federal capital, of which about 700 km are traveled in the BR-040, through mining towns as Seven Ponds and Three Marias, and cities such as Crystal and Valparaiso Goiás Goiás . the final leg of the trip to the Federal District is held in BR-050 and DF-003.

Make a Suitcase to Brasília

For a trip to Brasilia, to pack is a simple matter. First, what is the purpose of your trip? Work or pleasure? So we´ll leave a few tips for you to perfectly organize your suitcase.

For a business trip, not much is needed, since the working environment often requires uniform and appropriate clothing for the office, more is always good to get organized.

Calculate the days that you intend to stay there and analyze situations and climate conditions of lodging, laundry and if there are ways to take care of your clothes, if there is good cause costume changes necessary for the travel period.

If your trip is just to ride, light jeans, blouses fresh and light for the day, coats, jackets and blouses half sleeve for the night, any more clothes for social events such as dinners and parties, open and closed shoes, according to interim time, hiking shoes, if you want to take walks in the city or make the short tracks and sleepwear, pajamas that can be mild or something, do not bother at night.

The accessories are also needed, such as earrings, bracelets, watches, perfumes, makeup and handbags. You also can not forget the pain medications for pain, which can be treated without prescription and pose no danger. The kit of dressings, like gauze, bandages and ointments is also a very important thing for the mail.

Do not forget to bring cameras or camcorders to record every moment of your trip and plan it perfectly so that everything works out.Desfazer edições

History of Brasília

A history of Brasília, the capital of Brazil, located in the Federal District, in the heart of the country, began with the first ideas of a Brazilian capital in the center of the country. The need to internalize the capital seems to have been first suggested in the mid-eighteenth century, or by the Marquis of Pombal, or the Italian cartographer in his service Francesco Tosi Columbine. The idea was taken up by the Conspirators, and was reinforced after the arrival of the Portuguese court to Rio de Janeiro in 1808, when this city was the capital of Brazil.The first mention of the name Brasília for the future city appeared in an anonymous pamphlet published in 1822, and since then successive projects appeared proposing internalization.

The first Republican Constitution of 1891, sets legally region should be installed where the future capital, but it was only in 1956 with the election of Kubitschek, who began the actual construction of the city, still incomplete inaugurated on April 21 1960 after a tight work schedule, following a development plan of Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer´s architectural guidance.

From this date began the transfer of the principal organs of the federal administration to the new capital, and the opening of the 1970s was in full operation. In the course of his short story Brasilia, as the national capital, has witnessed a series of important events and staged large protests.

Designed to receive 500 thousand inhabitants in 2000, according to IBGE data on this date it had 2.05 million, with 1.96 million in urban areas and about 90 000 in rural areas. This is just one of the paradoxes that color the story of Brasilia.Designed as an example of urban order and efficiency, as a proposal for a modern life and optimistic, it should be a model of integrated and harmonious coexistence among all classes, Brasilia suffered in practice major distortions and changes in its proposal idealistic early, allowing a uncontrolled growth and explosive, separating the lower classes to the periphery and embodying the Pilot Plan for residential use and the elites, in addition to its urban organization has not proved so inviting for a spontaneous social life and family as its creators envisioned, the least, the first of its inhabitants, who were accustomed to different traditions.

Controversial from the start cost the public purse a fortune, never calculated exactly, which was probably among the causes of national financial crises of the years following its construction. The project was opposed by some as folly, and applauded by others as a great and visionary response to the challenge of modernization in Brazil. The construction of Brasilia had a major impact on the integration of the Midwest to the economic and social life of Brazil, but has faced and, like all great cities, Brasilia today still faces serious problems of housing, employment, sanitation, security and more.

Security of Brasília

Although Brasilia is the capital of the country, crime rates and low security there are not the best. According to sociologists, crime in Brasilia, mainly in the satellite cities, is a legacy of uncontrolled growth, though seated in urban planned.

Levels of crime in Brasilia are among the largest in Brazil, to the point of having an average of up to two murders a day. There are several proposals to try to reduce crime in the capital, including increased policing, which has led to a decline in violence.

Nothing more than our personal care does not work, so follow our safety tips and have a peaceful trip.

For starters, avoid walking with valuables such as cameras, cell phones and jewelry, visible to everyone, that makes you the target of pickpockets and trawlers, further increasing the possibility of being mugged.

In the case of money, is also advised that you avoid as much as possible, give preference to credit cards and debit cards, which are much safer and do not call so much attention from people.

Time to leave, both for pleasure and for work, take care when walking the streets you do not know, ask for people who go there every day so you can make a safe route, without contingencies.

At night, the best thing to do is take the utmost care not to use public transport after 22 hours, if needed, avoid the first and last places where buses and subways. If driving, watch for traffic lights, especially if the streets are deserted, look carefully and go through, because normally the traffic lights at night are the main scenarios of robberies.

And most importantly, seeing anything suspicious, contact the police station closest to you or seek assistance. Collaborate and let your journey smoother.

Useful Phone Numbers of Brasília

Assistance Phonebook: 102
Fire Department: 193
Lost Documents: 0800-570-01-00
Pharmacies on Duty: 132
Police: 190
Emergency: 192
State Department of Tourism: (61) 429.7600
System citizen service: 156
Metro - User Service: 3353-7373
Scheduling Movies: 3481 0139
Juvenile Court: 3348-6600
Administration of Brasilia: 3327-5000
Cultural Agenda: 3325-5204Desfazer edições

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